Scientists have designed a simple urine testing method to detect prostate cancer for thousands of men. It can be very embarrassing for many men to go through the digital rectal test where doctors check the prostate through the rectum to find out abnormalities. However, experts have made it a lot simpler for men through an easy urine test at home. This urine examination is called the ‘PUR’ test. It has been developed by the University of East Anglia and Norfolk & Norwich University Hospital. The ‘PUR’ test detects the chemical present in the urine secreted by cancer. Experts have claimed that the urine test at home is more reliable than a clinic as the first urine in the morning provides much higher and consistent biomarker levels, which are more credible.
Along with detecting aggressive prostate cancer, the ‘PUR’ test also calculates whether the patients will need treatment up to five years before standard clinical procedures. Patients can easily perform this test at home by collecting urine samples and send it for screening; patients do not need to visit the hospital for the test. Home urine test has put an end to an uncomfortable rectal examination. Researchers hope that these ‘At home collection kits’ can result in more patients being diagnosed. The test examines a gene expression present in the urine and provides essential information about whether cancer is violent or low risk. Experts have given these home urine test to 14 men for trial. They found out that urine samples collected at home indicated the biomarker levels of prostate cancer much evidently than rectal screening. Patients also showed a great interest in the ‘PUR’ test than digital rectal test.
Prostate cancer is the most common carcinoma in men across the United Kingdom. Although many cancers usually will not require treatment in a man’s lifetime but it grows slowly with time and can be life threatening as well at times. Health professionals have been facing difficulties in predicting the levels of cancer whether it is low risk or aggressive one. It makes it hard for men to decide on their treatment. Blood tests, biopsy, MRI scans, and digital rectal examination are commonly used tests for prostate cancer. The development of the ‘PUR’ test has truly revolutionized the diagnosis of such type of cancer in men.